Chandigarh was the dream city of India’s first Prime Minister, Shri Jawahar Lal Nehru. The first planned city of India was designed by the most famous French Architect Le Corbusier. Chandigarh was the best experiment, and a prime example of modern architecture and urban planning in the 20th century.
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The city has beautiful locations at the foothills of Shivalik. There are many historical places in Chandigarh to visit. It is derived from the name of the beautiful temple, Chandi Mandir. ‘Chandi’ is derived from the name of Goddess Chandi, regarded as the most powerful Goddess
At the time of partition in 1947, Punjab was divided into two parts. At the time, Punjab’s capital was Lahore, which came under Pakistan after the division. It was in the western part of Punjab. The Eastern part of Punjab was offered to India. But there was a big problem, the Eastern part was not commercially administered, and there was no cultural centre. So, the Government of India decided to choose a suitable area in Punjab to make a capital. There were several options in front of the Indian Government, including Amritsar, Jalandhar, Phillaur, Ludhiana, Ambala, Karnal, and Shimla. But they found the Chandigarh area to be the most suitable site. It was a magnificent site to develop a new capital. The area was located at the foot of the Himalayas. Chandigarh was a house of thousands of Hindus and Sikh refugees from primarily Muslim populated country Pakistan.