Chandigarh, the dream city of India’s first Prime Minister, Late. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was designed by the famous French architect Le Corbusier.
The city is located in a picturesque location at the foot of the Shivalik Hills. It is considered one of the best experiments in India’s 20th-century urban planning and modern architecture. The name of Chandigarh, which means “Fortress of Goddess Chandi,” comes from Chandi Mandir, a temple dedicated to the goddess near the city of Manimajra. The deity ‘Chandi,’ the goddess of power, and a fort of ‘garh’ laying beyond the temple, gave the town its name “Chandigarh-The City Beautiful.”
The city has a prehistoric past. In ancient history, the gently sloping plains on which modern Chandigarh exists was a vast lake ringed by a marsh. The fossil remains found at the site indicate a large variety of aquatic and amphibian life supported by that environment.
HISTORY OF CHANDIGARH
The city was designed by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier and supported by Maxwell Fry, Jane Drew, and several Indian architects and city planners. Foundation began in the early 1950s, and the city’s most significant area was completed in the early 1960s. The project eventually required the migration of about 21,000 people from 58 villages. The territory of the Chandigarh Union was reorganized on November 1, 1966, into two new states, mainly Hindi-speaking Haryana and Punjabi-speaking Punjabi, along the lines of India. Punjab was configured when located between Haryana and Punjab; the city of Chandigarh has become the joint capital of the two states and the Union Territory itself. Under the 1986 Punjab Agreement, the entire Union Territory became part of Punjab. Fazilka and Abohar, both highly agricultural and mostly Hindi-speaking, are located in Punjab and relocated to Haryana. It was decided to do so; however, this plan had not yet been realized at the beginning of the 21st century.
Indian City and Union Territory, Chandigarh.
The territory is about 165 miles (265 km) north of New Delhi, adjacent to Haryana to the east and Punjab on all other sides. It is located in the Indo-Ganges Plain, southwest of the Shivalik Hills, between two seasonal streams, the Suhuna and Patiari rivers. This land is a flat and fertile alluvial land, and the arable land in the countryside produces crops such as wheat, corn, and rice. Temperatures can exceed 120 ° F (about 50 ° C) in the summer (April to June) and up to 30 ° F (about 2 ° C) in the winter (November to February). It may go down. It rains frequently. The monsoon season (July-September) is hot and humid. Union area, 44 square miles (114 square kilometres). Pop. City, (2001) 808,515; Union Territory, (2001) 1,063,000; Citi, (2011) 960,787; Union Territory, (2011) 1,054,686.
Chandigarh’s territory is home to the city of Chandigarh, some towns, and some neighbouring villages. The territorial government is governed by the Governor of Punjab, backed by senior officials. The national government appoints both. The city of Chandigarh is the capital of the territory, Haryana, and Punjab. It also borders Himachal Pradesh.
The Open Hand Monument is the coat of arms of the Chandigarh government. It symbolizes an open hand to give and a hand to take. Peace and prosperity or reconciliation. It conveys the message of openness and unity of ideas. It is also equipped with Mohari International Airport, domestic and international flights. Anyone who wants to enjoy and appreciate the beauty of Chandigarh can visit from any region.