Decoding Justice: Punjab and Haryana High Court Demystified

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In the vast landscape of the Indian legal system, the Punjab and Haryana High Court stands as a symbol of justice and authority. This esteemed institution, located in the heart of Chandigarh, serves as the highest judicial body for the states of Punjab and Haryana, as well as the Union Territory of Chandigarh. Established on 21st March 1919, this high court has a rich history and a profound impact on the legal landscape of northern India.


In the heart of Northern India, nestled between the lush fields of Punjab and the vibrant culture of Haryana, lies a judicial institution that has been pivotal in upholding justice, preserving the rule of law, and safeguarding the rights of millions. The Punjab and Haryana High Court, headquartered in Chandigarh, stands as a testament to the rich legal heritage of the region. In this article, we will embark on a journey to explore the historical significance, jurisdiction, notable cases, and the role it plays in shaping the legal landscape of India.

A Historical Perspective

Origins of the Punjab and Haryana High Court

The roots of this venerable institution trace back to the pre-independence era when it was known as the Lahore High Court. Established in 1919, it served as the highest judicial authority for the provinces of Punjab, Delhi, and Ajmer. However, following the partition of India in 1947, the Lahore High Court was split into two, giving rise to the present-day Punjab and Haryana High Court.

The Architectural Marvel

Situated in the meticulously planned city of Chandigarh, the high court’s building itself is a masterpiece of modern architecture. Designed by the renowned Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier, the building’s unique blend of functionality and aesthetic appeal is a sight to behold.

Jurisdiction and Influence

Jurisdictional Boundaries

The Punjab and Haryana High Court boasts an expansive jurisdiction that encompasses not only the states of Punjab and Haryana but also the Union Territory of Chandigarh. It is responsible for hearing a wide array of cases, including civil, criminal, constitutional, and administrative matters.

Over the years, this high court has contributed significantly to the development of Indian jurisprudence. Landmark judgments on issues ranging from environmental protection to civil liberties have emanated from its hallowed halls, setting standards for the entire nation.

Notable Cases

The Bhagat Singh Trial

One of the most iconic moments in the court’s history was the trial of the legendary freedom fighter Bhagat Singh and his associates. Their trial, often referred to as the “Lahore Conspiracy Case,” unfolded within the precincts of the Lahore High Court. The court’s proceedings during this period have been etched into the annals of India’s struggle for independence.

Preservation of Ecological Balance

In recent times, the Punjab and Haryana High Court has played a pivotal role in addressing environmental concerns. It issued directives to combat air pollution and safeguard the fragile ecosystem of the region. The court’s proactive stance on environmental issues has set a precedent for the entire country.

The High Court Today

Embracing Technology

In an era characterized by digital transformation, the high court has seamlessly integrated technology into its operations. E-filing, virtual hearings, and online case tracking have made access to justice more efficient and convenient for the citizens.

Upholding Human Rights

The court continues to be a staunch protector of human rights, often taking suo-motu cognizance of matters related to the rights and dignity of individuals. Its interventions have led to the speedy resolution of many cases and the delivery of justice to those in need.

You can also read : Police Stations in Chandigarh .


What is the jurisdiction of the Punjab and Haryana High Court?

The Punjab and Haryana High Court has jurisdiction over the states of Punjab and Haryana and the Union Territory of Chandigarh.

Which is the seat of Punjab and Haryana High Court?

Accordingly, the seat of the High Court was shifted to Chandigarh. The Court started functioning at Chandigarh from its present building with effect from January 17, 1955

How many seats are there in Punjab and Haryana High Court?

Punjab and Haryana High Court is the common High Court for the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana and the Union Territory of Chandigarh based in Chandigarh, India. Sanctioned strength of Judges of this High Court is 85 consisting of 64 Permanent Judges and 21 Additional Judges including Chief Justice.

How has the high court contributed to environmental conservation?

The Punjab and Haryana High Court has issued directives and judgments aimed at combating environmental issues, particularly air pollution, setting a precedent for environmental protection in India.

What is the total strength of Punjab Haryana High Court?

The sanctioned strength of the High Court is 38 permanent and 30 additional Judges.

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