Le Corbusier, the planner of the Chandigarh Master Plan, has a well-defined head (capital complex), heart (city centre), lungs (leisure valley and gardens), limbs (cultural and educational institutions). And the cardiovascular system. The city concept was based on four main functions: life, work, mental and physical care, and circulation.
Chandigarh’s leisure valleys, gardens, sector greens, forests, and trees are the city’s lungs.
A series of gardens with different themes to care for the body and mind of the city. Le Corbusier has kept the eroded valley of the seasonal stream in its original location in the town and is now forming a linear park over 8 km long. It starts in Sector 1 in the north, leaving Chandigarh at the southernmost tip of Sector 53.
BOUGAINVILLELEA GARDEN, Sector 3
It covers an area of 20 hectares. The nature trail through the valley begins here. The garden is dedicated to hundreds of bougainvilleas. During the flowering period of Bougainvillea, several flowering trees are also planted for a colourful effect. It opened in 1976.
Fitness Trail, Sector 10
Physical Fitness Trail was developed to exercise in the beauty of nature. An ideal place for long walks and physical training.
South of Fitness Trails is a flower garden, partly planted with seasonal flowers and decorated with sculptures by renowned artists. Some areas are left free to organize various cultural activities.
ROSE GARDEN, Sector 16
Named after the former President of India. Zakir Hussain, the garden was opened in 1967 under Dr Chandigarh’s first Supreme Commissioner. MS. Mandawa.
Asia’s most extensive rose garden covers an area of 27 hectares and has more than 17,000 plants representing about 1,600 species of roses. In addition to roses, medicated trees and some unique tree species are also emphasized to enhance the garden’s beauty. The annual “Garden Festival” is held in the rose garden in February and is listed in the “National Event Calendar.”
Shanti Kunj, Sector 16
Shanti Kunj is located between the Rose Garden and Cricket in Sector 16. This is an entirely noise-free area with natural waves. The natural stream that runs through this garden divides the park into five regions. Five parts of the garden are home to various tree species, including medicinal plants, vertical trees, flowering plants, shaded trees, and eco-friendly areas.
Children’s Traffic Park, Sector 23
The Freizeittal area of Sector 23 has been expanded to a Children’s Traffic Park. A street was built, and a traffic light was installed in a miniature. The park is aimed at children learning to ride a bicycle and aims to teach traffic safety rules.
HIBISCUS GARDEN, Sector 36
About 40 types of hibiscus bushes are planted in 8 hectares to provide colour all year round. Located south of the
Garden of Fragrances, Sector 36
Hibiscus Garden is very popular with a wide variety of aromatic and fragrant plants. Floral plants such as Raat ki Rani, Motia, jasmine varieties, Demask Rose, Mehndi, Champa, and Haar Shingar exude a scent that pervades this part of the leisure valley.
SMRITI UPVAN, Sector 1
This room is set up to plant trees to commemorate the deceased. This garden reminds someone who no longer has all the trees. It was established on November 14, 1998, by producing a banyan tree commemorating the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. It is located between the rock garden and Sukhna Lake. You can plant trees in memory of your loved ones.
Botanical Gardens, Sector 14
There are two botanical gardens in the town. One is between the rock garden and the lake, and the other is at Punjab University. Another botanical garden has been developed on approximately 110 hectares of land in Sarampur and will soon become a significant tourist attraction.
Terrace Garden, Sector 33
A small valley that spans the entire sector has evolved into a terrace garden. Its main attraction is the illuminated music fountain. The garden is the venue for the annual chrysanthemum show. It covers more than 10 hectares and opened in 1979.
Chandigarh has 3245 hectares of forest, most of which are hilly areas. The forest areas are mainly around Sukhna Lake, Sukhna Cho, and Patia Rikirao. Chandigarh has two reserves, Kansal and Nepli. There are forest rest areas in both places. Access to these locations requires permission from the Chandigarh Administration. A stroll through these areas is extremely rewarding as you can meet a variety of wildlife such as antelopes, neighs, hyenas, jackals, hares, and even leopards. The forest also offers great hill trekking opportunities.
CITCO organizes hikes and excursions in these forest areas with flora to promote ecotourism.